religion and prejudice psychology
Religion, Prejudice, and Authoritarianism: Is RWA a Boon or Bane to the Psychology of Religion? Broadcasting crimes on air, in print and online makes them appear to the human mind to be more frequent than they actually are and this can affect our attitudes. Early work in this area attempted to fractionate religion into distinct components that respectively predicted more and less prejudice. Journal of abnormal psychology, 59(1), 28. Religion, prejudice, and authoritarianism: Is RWA a boon or bane to the psychology of religion? Religion, prejudice, and authoritarianism: Is RWA a boon or bane to the psychology of religion? Prejudice in Specific Domains, The Cambridge Handbook of the Psychology of Prejudice, From a religious point of view, if God had thought homosexuality is a sin, he would not have created gay people, If a man has sexual relations with a man as one does with a woman, both of them have done what is detestable. Prejudice based on or derived from religion has been used to justify discrimination, prejudice, and human rights violations against those holding different religious beliefs, those who profess no religious beliefs, individuals of various ethnicities, women, those who are not exclusively heterosexual, and other individuals and groups depending on perceived theological justification or imperative. Curbing intolerant feelings requires a certain degree of emotional awareness and social intelligence. People intuitively judge immorality as representative of atheists, Reminders of secular authority reduce believers’ distrust of atheists, Do you believe in atheists? Prior to performing their research, Burch-Brown and Baker (2016, p. 784) hypothesized that religion has the ability to promote and or reduce prejudicial behavior among followers. Here, the analysis of religion as a meaning system illuminates how religion can affect intergroup attitudes. Abstract. Research on religiosity and prejudice has tried to shed light on the reasons why religious people are less or more prejudiced by examining mediating variables (e.g., Rowatt et al., 2009). 2020. from Rowatt: I believe that diversity of religious beliefs and experiences is culturally important. (1979) Experimentation in psychology of religion: Living with or in a dream? Beyond Allport’s Paradox: The Religion and Prejudice Equation. Some studies have shown that greater religious attitudes may be significant predictors of … In The Nature of Prejudice, Allport devoted an entire chapter to the connection between prejudice and religion, noting that "the creeds of the great religions are universalistic, all … Indeed, prominent theories in personality-social psychology have been employed in the analysis of religious behavior, including dissonance theory (Brock, 1962), attribution theory (Bulman & Wortman, 1977), and theories of altruism (Batson, Eidelman, Higley, & Russell, 2001). Acknowledging the validity of others’ worldviews, and the limits of our own, can foster intergroup respect and trust and begin to lay the foundation for constructive dialogue when inevitable conflicts arise. A man votes against marriage equality for gay men and lesbians: How likely is it that his religion motivated him to do so? Batson, C.D. Religious after a fashion, they yet have many other things in them beside their religion, and unholy entanglements and associations inevitably obtain. World religions often share important core values (e.g., love of neighbor) and contemplative practices that could be building blocks for cooperation and peaceful relations. Research investigating the relationship between religiosity and value… It first provides a brief overview of seminal research that has formed the backbone of contemporary social psychological study of religion and prejudice. Recent work on religion and prejudice suggests that findings in that area cannot be generalized to religious groups’ attitudes toward other forms of difference, and that besides psychological and social factors, researchers must consider theological and philosophical aspects of religious worldviews in order to define, recognize, and understand religious prejudice. Religion and Reducing Prejudice: A social psychological perspective IQ and global inequality. Even though religions preach love of humanity, decades of psychological research have linked religiousness with prejudice. The effect of mortality salience, compassionate values, and religious fundamentalism on hostility toward out-groups, Patterns and personality correlates of implicit and explicit attitudes toward Christians and Muslims, Associations between religious personality dimensions and implicit homosexual prejudice, Operation of the laws of sympathetic magic in disgust and other domains, Believing, bonding, behaving, and belonging: The Big Four religious dimensions and cultural variation, Identities, values, and religion: A study among Muslim, other immigrant, and native Belgian young adults after the 9/11 attacks, Prosocial behavior and religion: New evidence based on projective measures and peer ratings, Foundations of evolutionary psychology: Ideas, issues, and applications, Prehistoric dangers and contemporary prejudices, Disentangling the belief in God and cognitive rigidity/flexibility components of religiosity to predict racial and value-violating prejudice: A Post-Critical Belief Scale analysis, Social dominance: An intergroup theory of social hierarchy and oppression, Stereotypes of Muslims and support for the war on terror, Current Directions in Psychological Science, Unto others: The evolution and psychology of unselfish behavior, Where God and science meet: How brain and evolutionary studies alter our understanding of religion, Signaling, solidarity, and the sacred: The evolution of religious behavior, Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews, Social categorization and intergroup behaviour, Religion and trust: An experimental study, Disgust: A predictor of social conservatism and prejudicial attitudes toward homosexuals, The evolution of war and its cognitive foundations, Institute for Evolutionary Studies Technical Report, Extensional versus intuitive reasoning: The conjunction fallacy in probability judgment, Microbes, mating, and morality: Individual differences in three functional domains of disgust, RESEARCH: Orthodox, humanitarian, and science-inspired belief in relation to prejudice against Jews, Muslims, and ethnic minorities: The content of one's belief does matter, The SAGE handbook of the sociology of religion, Religiosity and attitudes toward lesbians and gay men: A meta-analysis, International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, Reintroducing group selection to the human behavioral sciences, Sexual Prejudice: Advances in Conceptual and Empirical Models, Social Dominance Theory: Explorations in the Psychology of Oppression, The Dual Process Motivational Model of Ideology and Prejudice, Prejudice Against Immigrants in Multicultural Societies, Constructing an understanding of mind: The development of children's social understanding within social interaction. Religious prejudices or Religious intolerance is the intolerance of another's religious beliefs or practices. Citations (0) References (17) ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. Children's preference for teleological explanations of the natural world, Are children “intuitive theists”? Rowatt: Widely distributed media reports can make infrequent extreme crimes, or weather-related disasters for that matter, seem more common than they actually are. In this chapter we discuss the ways in which religion might promote or facilitate prejudice, inter-group conflict, and war. Reasoning about purpose and design in nature, The human function compunction: Teleological explanation in adults, Professional physical scientists display tenacious teleological tendencies: Purpose-based reasoning as a cognitive default, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Evolutionary origins of stigmatization: The functions of social exclusion, Can race be erased? Linking these bodies of research more systemati-cally could lead to significant advances in under-standing. And the bigotries are most of them in their turn chargeable to religion's wicked intellectual partner, the spirit of dogmatic dominion, the passion for laying down the law in the form of an absolutely closed-in theoretic system. 4 Prejudice in Psychology and Religion. For example, human minds very quickly categorize individuals into social groups, some of which evoke unjustified fears or disgust reactions. From a religious point of view, if God had thought homosexuality is a sin, he would not have created gay people. A woman helps feed and clothe poor children in the slums of India: How likely is it that her religion motivated her to do so? Thinking, Religion, and Prejudice: An Experimental Test of the Dual-Process Model of Mind, The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 26:4, 360-369, DOI: 10.1080/10508619.2016.1151117 We suggest that the evolved characteristics of religion can contribute in both direct and indirect ways to out-group prejudice, and … For one thing, most social psychological studies of religion and prejudice have focused on Christians in North America and Europe since the 1960s; and most have examined either racism from Whites towards Blacks (for review see Hall et al., 2010), or attitudes towards groups perceived as challenging traditional Christian values, such as gays and lesbians, feminists, and atheists; or … They often are supported by a belief that certain people or groups have lesser worth or abilities. Rowatt: Again, it is not easy to find good data to inform a question like this. Religiosity and prejudice revisited: In-group favoritism, out-group derogation, or both? Regional differences in anti-Negro prejudice. The mere statement on the part of a religion group that its own beliefs and practices are correct and any contrary beliefs incorrect does not in itself constitute intolerance (ie., ideological intolerance). belief, faith, and fundamentalism) across all major world religions (e.g. They are to be put to death; their blood will be on their own heads. We also have provided a photograph of Rowatt for reprinting. March 2011 Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 50(1):22 - 43 Burch-Brown and Baker recently explored the connection between religion and prejudiced behavior. In his words, “[religion] makes and unmakes prejudice.” In the more than six decades since Allport made this observation, social psychologists have tried to pin down the precise relationship between religion and prejudice. That is, when religion is infused into tribal conflicts or wars between nations, the conflicts tend to intensify. 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